San Marino is a tiny republic located on Mount Titano. The enclave country is located in Italy, not far from Rimini, and is considered the oldest state in Europe – its history began on September 3, 301, according to the legend of St. Marino.
Napoleon said about San Marino that this country is a symbol of freedom. It is run by two captains-regents, who are chosen every six months. This happens in October and April and is accompanied by colorful ceremonies, which attract many tourists to watch.
What to see in San Marino?
The largest concentration of attractions is, of course, in the capital of the same name.
Arriving here, tourists usually go to Freedom Square, which is central in the city.
Here you can see the main attraction of the capital Palazzo Publico . It is an incredibly beautiful palace, which was built in the 19th century by the Italian architect Francesco Azzurri. Today, the building serves as a government building and City Hall. Despite this, tourists can visit it with a guided tour.
The facade in light colors, decorated with a lot of symbols, many statues, huge stained-glass windows, as well as beautiful interior decoration will not leave indifferent any guest of the capital. The Basilica of San Marino is the main cathedral of the state. It is made in the neoclassical style by the Italian architect Achille Serra. An incredibly beautiful building of the 19th century is decorated with 8 columns. The interior is represented by 7 altars, many sculptures, regency throne of the 17th century.
At the peak of the peak, located in the capital, there is a visiting card of the entire state, which is depicted on its coat of arms.
Three oldest towers named: Guaita, Cesta and Montale . The first was built in the 10th century and is the oldest of all. On its territory there was a prison. The second was founded in the 11th century and today there is a museum of ancient weapons in its premises. The third one dates back to the 13th century and, unfortunately, is closed to visitors.
The small mountainous republic consists of 9 commune cities, each with its own tower or fortress. Previously, they defended San Marino from enemies, and now they are tourist sites.
The city attracts everyone: you can fall in love with the labyrinths of its streets, nature, unforgettable landscapes, history, culture and much more that he has prepared for his guests.
Holidays in San Marino – passive or active?
This country will find its way to everyone’s heart. Here you can enjoy the beauty of the surrounding world: parks, groves, animals. The beautiful green area is ideal for nature lovers. Fans of outdoor activities will not be disappointed, they are waiting for hunting, fishing, kayaking down a mountain river.
San Marino provides tourists with both regular city tours (for those who like to walk along the old streets and enjoy panoramic views) and extreme sports (for lovers of risk, complexity, new experiences).
Why go to San Marino?
This is a country that is ready to tell a lot about its past. The old streets of San Marino will show not only modern life, but will also be able to move back several centuries, plunging into the atmosphere of the Middle Ages. Untouched by the devastating war, they keep history.
For those who do not like looking at old houses, San Marino has prepared a large selection of museums for every taste: from the standard to the most bizarre. For example, a museum of ancient weapons, a museum of curious things, torture instruments, vampires, reptiles, wax figures, cars.
The capital of the state can offer its guests to visit the Gallery of Modern Art. The collection includes more than 700 exhibits, which include paintings and sketches by famous artists, sculptures, photographs. Most of all, visitors like the paintings “Portrait of Vittorini” by Guttuso, “When a Comet Flies by” by Montesano, “Virgin Forest” by Vedov. Another interesting museum that attracts tourists to its walls is the Museum of Torture Instruments. It is located in a beautiful medieval house. As part of the exhibition, visitors can see more than 100 copies of various items that were used in the period from the 17th to the 19th century to torture prisoners.
How to get to the mountain republic?
The country does not have its own airport, and the nearest one is in Rimini. Since the distance between them is only 25 km, you can get to San Marino by car or bus, the journey takes 20-30 minutes.
This country is worth visiting, getting to know the history, feeling the amazing atmosphere, understanding its soul and coming back again.
San Marino (/ˌsæn məˈriːnoʊ/ (listen), Italian: [sam maˈriːno]), officially the Republic of San Marino (Italian: Repubblica di San Marino; Romagnol: Ripóbblica d’ San Marein), also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino (Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino), is a small country (and a European microstate) in Southern Europe enclaved by Italy. Located on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains, San Marino covers a land area of just over 61 km2 (24 sq mi), and has a population of 33,562.
San Marino is a landlocked country but the northeastern end is within 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) of the Italian city of Rimini on the Adriatic Sea. The nearest airport is also in Italy. The country’s capital city, the City of San Marino, is located atop Mount Titan, while its largest settlement is Dogana within the largest municipality of Serravalle. San Marino’s official language is Italian.
The country derives its name from Saint Marinus, a stonemason from the then-Roman island of Rab in present-day Croatia. Born in AD 275, Marinus participated in the rebuilding of Rimini’s city walls after their destruction by Liburnian pirates. Marinus then went on to found an independently ruled monastic community on Mount Titan in AD 301; thus, San Marino lays claim to being the oldest extant sovereign state, as well as the oldest constitutional republic.
Uniquely, San Marino’s constitution dictates that its democratically elected legislature, the Grand and General Council, must elect two heads of state every six months. Known as captains regent, the two heads of state serve concurrently and hold equal powers until their term expires after six months.
The country’s economy is mainly based on finance, industry, services and tourism. It is one of the wealthiest countries in the world in GDP per capita, with a figure comparable to the most developed European regions.